[Esip-preserve] Harmonizing data citation guidelines

Robert R. Downs rdowns at ciesin.columbia.edu
Tue Nov 10 12:24:30 EST 2009

Hi -

SEDAC offers data citation guidelines which also contains links to other 
guidelines, at the following URL:


Bob Downs

Mark A. Parsons wrote:
> Hi all,
> I started reviewing the few data citation guidelines I was aware of 
> plus the several Bob Cook sent around a while back. Below is a quick 
> and dirty assessment. 
> What other guidance is out there? How do they compare to these?
> IPY: http://ipydis.org/data/citations.html
>      Detailed guidelines on how to construct a citation in the manner 
> of the Chicago Manual of Style. The idea is to provide all the 
> elements that any journal might require and to link to the data 
> unambiguously. It is very much geared toward collections rather than 
> specific files. It doesn't handle versions particularly well.
> ORNL: http://daac.ornl.gov/citation_policy.html
>      Doesn't include all the detail of IPY but follows the same basic 
> principles. More emphasis on the DOI. Includes a link to an nice essay 
> by Bob providing justification.
> Has a similar approach to IPY, but isn't as rigorous about dates used. 
> We have not yet adopted DOIs. We do not have publicly published 
> guidelines, but all data sets provide an example and request to cite.
> Pangaea: http://www.pangaea.de/about/
>      Very much in line with IPY. Strong emphasis on DOI, which leads 
> them to wait until a data set has reached some level of completeness 
> before providing a citation. They tend to provide DOIs for fairly 
> small data sets, which other data centers might compile into a larger 
> collection. I believethis is an attempt to mediate the versioning 
> problem. 
> GBIF: http://www.gbif.org/participation/data-publishers/gbif-sharing-agreement/how-to-cite-gbif-data/white-paper-citation-of-gbif-data/
>      Under construction? I thought they used to have something.
> NISO:  http://www.niso.org/topics/tl/NISOTLDataReportDraft.pdf 
>      A good exploration of the issues, but not specific guidelines 
> (calls for guidelines)
> DataVerse:  http://thedata.org/citati <http://thedata.org/citation>on 
> <http://thedata.org/citation>
>      These folks are gears toward social science, but they have 
> something going on.  They have something called a universal numerical 
> fingerprint (UNF) that automatically changes whenever any part of the 
> data changes. It "is designed to persist even if URLs--or the web 
> itself--are replaced with something else.". They also have an 
> automated system to create a citation for a data set, i.e the UNF
> TDWIG:  http://www.tdwg.org/standards/150/
>      Not a citation approach, per se, but good, detailed guidelines on 
> the use of unique identifiers--the LSID in this case.
> -m.
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